Dr. Kristian Kniha et al. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2020 DOI: 10.1016/j.bjoms.2020.01.003
This in vitro study demonstrated the efficacy of cold atmospheric pressure plasma (CAPP) as a bacterial decontaminant for artificiallly contaminated allografts (maxgraft®) resembling human bone.
The use of cold atmospheric pressure plasma (CAPP) as a bacterial decontaminant for chronic wounds has shown good results. The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the bactericidal effects of CAPP on the cancellous area of the bone. Sterile glass slides and processed sterile human bone allografts 1, 2, 3, and 4 mm thick were used for initial contamination and further CAPP treatment. Each block was contaminated with Staphylococcus aureus suspension on one side. Each slide was turned 180° and treated on the reverse side. The bacterial count in colony-forming units (CFU) was then measured and compared with that of a control group, and the bactericidal effects of CAPP in relation to bone density evaluated. A significant reduction in count was measured between treated and untreated groups (groups A-D: p<0.01 and group E: p=0.04). A strong positive linear relation was found between bone density and the S aureus count (r=0.844, p=0.156). Treatment with CAPP had a bactericidal effect on bone structures with a penetration depth of up to 4 mm. It might be used for all diseases involving infected bone, and so extends the existing range of treatments.